On October 9, 2023, the Council of the EU adopted of Council Regulation (EU) 2023/2147 and Council Decision (CFSP) 2023/2135 to establish a new Sudan-related sanctions framework. The framework was established in response to the military clashes between the Sudanese Armed Forces and Rapid Support Forces that continue to undermine efforts in Sudan to transition towards a civilian-led democratic government. The Council reports that the ongoing conflict has resulted in loss of lives due to large-scale attacks on civilians, including on the basis of ethnicity particularly in Darfur, who have suffered widespread sexual and gender based violence, targeted killings and forced displacement.
According to the Council, the new framework targets activities that undermine the stability and political transition of Sudan. It also targets individuals or entities that support policies that threaten the peace, stability or security of Sudan; are involved in the obstruction of humanitarian assistance in Sudan; or are involved in acts that constitute serious human rights violations or abuses in Sudan. The framework enables the Council to impose restrictive measures, including asset freezes and travel bans, on individuals and entities designated under the new regime. The new framework also prohibits EU persons and entities from making funds and economic resources available to listed parties, with certain financial derogations and humanitarian exemptions.