The National Crime Agency (NCA) and Crown Prosecution Service (CPS) are generally responsible for enforcing criminal violations of POCA and the 2017 Regulations.  The Serious Fraud Office (SFO) and Her Majesty’s Revenue & Customs (HMRC) can also investigate money laundering offenses. 

In addition to criminal enforcement measures for violations of POCA or the 2017 Regulations, supervisory authorities (such as the Financial Conduct Authority) may commence a regulatory investigation against a regulated firm or individual.  Other supervisory authorities include the Law Society for Solicitors and the various accounting bodies for accountants and auditors.

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