The Iranian Transactions and Sanctions Regulations (ITSR) prohibit, among other things:
- the export, reexport, sale, or supply, directly or indirectly, from the US or by a US person, wherever located, of any goods, technology, or services to Iran; and
- the facilitation by a US person of transactions by a foreign person that they would otherwise be prohibited from engaging in under the ITSR.
The prohibitions in the ITSR also apply to foreign entities owned or controlled by a US person.
Changes under the Trump Administration: The Re-imposition of Sanctions for Iran after JCPOA Withdrawal
On May 8, 2018, President Trump announced the US would withdraw from the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) and re-impose nuclear-related sanctions against Iran. The general embargo prohibiting exports of goods and services from the US or by a US person to Iran or a third country if specifically intended for Iran remained in effect following the implementation of the JCPOA and remains in place today.
The key changes include the following:
- Revocation of General License H. General License H has been fully revoked. Entities owned or controlled by a US person (i.e., foreign subsidiaries of US companies) are once again subject to the general embargo.
- Revocation of the Statement of Licensing Policy and General License I related to civil aviation.
- Re-imposition of “secondary sanctions.”
SDNs: OFAC may impose sanctions on persons, including non-US persons, determined to have provided material support for or goods or services to or in support of an Iranian SDN.
Sectors: Secondary sanctions are authorized against non-US persons for activity in several key sectors of the Iranian economy, including:
- acquisition of US dollar banknotes by the government of Iran;
- Iran’s trade in gold or precious metals;
- the purchase or sale of Iranian rials, or the maintenance of significant funds or accounts outside the territory of Iran denominated in the Iranian rial;
- the purchase, subscription to, or facilitation of the issuance of Iranian sovereign debt;
- the automotive sector of Iran;
- port operators, and the energy, shipping, and shipbuilding sectors of Iran;
- petroleum-related transactions and the purchase of petrochemical products from Iran;
- the provision of specialized financial messaging services to the Central Bank of Iran and certain other Iranian banks;
- the provision of insurance and related services; and
- certain activity in Iran’s iron, steel, aluminum, and copper, construction, mining, manufacturing, and textile sectors.